Hot spots in protein-protein interfaces: towards drug discovery.

Progress in biophysics and molecular biology

PubMedID: 24997383

Cukuroglu E, Engin HB, Gursoy A, Keskin O. Hot spots in protein-protein interfaces: towards drug discovery. Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2014;.
Identification of drug-like small molecules that alter protein-protein interactions might be a key step in drug discovery. However, it is very challenging to find such molecules that target interface regions in protein complexes. Recent findings indicate that such molecules usually target specifically energetically favored residues (hot spots) in protein-protein interfaces. These residues contribute to the stability of protein-protein complexes. Computational prediction of hot spots on bound and unbound structures might be useful to find druggable sites on target interfaces. We review the recent advances in computational hot spot prediction methods in the first part of the review and then provide examples on how hot spots might be crucial in drug design.