Comparison of the Lipid-Lowering Effects of Pitavastatin 4 mg Versus Pravastatin 40 mg in Adults With Primary Hyperlipidemia or Mixed (Combined) Dyslipidemia: A Phase IV, Prospective, US, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Superiority Trial.

Clinical therapeutics

PubMedID: 24998014

Sponseller CA, Morgan RE, Kryzhanovski VA, Campbell SE, Davidson MH. Comparison of the Lipid-Lowering Effects of Pitavastatin 4 mg Versus Pravastatin 40 mg in Adults With Primary Hyperlipidemia or Mixed (Combined) Dyslipidemia: A Phase IV, Prospective, US, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Superiority Trial. Clin Ther. 2014;.
PURPOSE
Results from a Phase III, European, noninferiority trial in elderly (age =65 years) patients with primary hyperlipidemia or mixed (combined) dyslipidemia demonstrated significantly greater reductions in LDL-C for pitavastatin versus pravastatin across 3 pair-wise dose comparisons (1 mg vs 10 mg, 2 mg vs 20 mg, and 4 mg vs 40 mg, respectively). The present study investigated whether pitavastatin 4 mg is superior to pravastatin 40 mg in LDL-C reduction in adults (18-80 years old) with primary hyperlipidemia or mixed (combined) dyslipidemia.

METHODS
This was a Phase IV, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-control superiority study conducted in the United States. Patients with baseline LDL-C levels of 130 to 220 mg/dL (inclusive) and triglyceride levels =400 mg/dL after a 6-week washout/dietary stabilization period were randomized to 12 weeks of once-daily treatment with either pitavastatin 4 mg or pravastatin 40 mg.

FINDINGS
A total of 328 subjects (164 per treatment arm) were randomized (mean age, 57.9 years [76% were aged <65 years]; 49.4% women; mean body mass index, 30.2 kg/m(2)) to treatment. The median percent change in LDL-C from baseline to the week 12 endpoint was -38.1% for pitavastatin 4 mg and -26.4% for pravastatin 40 mg; the difference in median percent change between treatments was -12.5% (P < 0.001). Differences between treatments in median percent reductions from baseline for apolipoprotein B, total cholesterol, and non-HDL-C were also significant in favor of pitavastatin (P < 0.001). Both treatments significantly (P < 0.001) increased HDL-C and decreased triglycerides, but the differences between treatments were not statistically significant. The overall rate of treatment-emergent adverse events was 47.6% (78 of 164) for pitavastatin and 44.5% (73 of 164) for pravastatin. Myalgia was reported by 3 patients (1.8%) in the pitavastatin group and by 4 patients (2.4%) in the pravastatin group. There were no reports of myositis or rhabdomyolysis.

IMPLICATIONS
Pitavastatin 4 mg demonstrated superior LDL-C reductions compared with pravastatin 40 mg after 12 weeks of therapy in adults with primary hyperlipidemia or mixed (combined) dyslipidemia. There were no new safety findings in the trial. Clinical Trials.gov identifier: NCT01256476.