Influence of Magnesium on Insulin Resistance in Obese Women.

Biological trace element research

PubMedID: 24984789

Cruz KJ, de Oliveira AR, Pinto DP, Morais JB, da Silva Lima F, Colli C, Torres-Leal FL, do Nascimento Marreiro D. Influence of Magnesium on Insulin Resistance in Obese Women. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2014;.
The present study evaluated the influence of magnesium on insulin resistance in obese women. A case-control study involving 114 women on the age between 20 and 50 years old, divided into two groups: control (eutrophic women, n?=?59) and case (obese women, n?=?55). The analysis of magnesium intake was carried out through the 3-day food record and also NutWin software version 1.5. The plasma, erythrocyte, and urinary magnesium concentrations were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The determinations of serum glucose and serum insulin were performed by enzymatic colorimetric method and chemiluminescence, respectively. The insulin resistance was assessed by homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). The mean values of magnesium intake were lower than those recommended, without difference between groups (p?>?0.05). All the patients who were evaluated showed adequate mean concentrations of magnesium in the plasma and erythrocyte. The urinary excretion of this mineral was lower than the reference values in both groups and did not show significant difference (p?>?0.05). The values of serum glucose, serum insulin, and HOMA-IR were higher in obese women compared to the control group. A negative correlation was observed between erythrocyte magnesium and glycemic parameters (p?