Necrotic Cell Death in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Methods in enzymology

PubMedID: 25065889

Nikoletopoulou V, Tavernarakis N. Necrotic Cell Death in Caenorhabditis elegans. Meth Enzymol. 2014;545127-55.
Similar to other organisms, necrotic cell death in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is manifested as the catastrophic collapse of cellular homeostasis, in response to overwhelming stress that is inflicted either in the form of extreme environmental stimuli or by intrinsic insults such as the expression of proteins carrying deleterious mutations. Remarkably, necrotic cell death in C. elegans and pathological cell death in humans share multiple fundamental features and mechanistic aspects. Therefore, mechanisms mediating necrosis are also conserved across the evolutionary spectrum and render the worm a versatile tool, with the capacity to facilitate studies of human pathologies. Here, we overview necrotic paradigms that have been characterized in the nematode and outline the cellular and molecular mechanisms that mediate this mode of cell demise. In addition, we discuss experimental approaches that utilize C. elegans to elucidate the molecular underpinnings of devastating human disorders that entail necrosis.