Reconstruction of the Lower Vermilion With a Musculomucosal Flap From the Upper Lip in the Repair of Extensive Lower Lip and Chin Defects.

The Journal of craniofacial surgery

PubMedID: 25072979

Rong L, Lan SJ, Zhang D, Wang WS, Liu C, Peng WH. Reconstruction of the Lower Vermilion With a Musculomucosal Flap From the Upper Lip in the Repair of Extensive Lower Lip and Chin Defects. J Craniofac Surg. 2014;.
In the repair of extensive lower lip and chin defects, the reconstruction of vermilion at the same time is a great challenge to plastic surgeons. We describe a novel method for the reconstruction of lower vermilion with musculomucosal flap from the upper lip in the repair of extensive lower lip and chin defects. Two patients underwent extensive lower lip and chin reconstruction together with vermilion reconstruction. This technique used 3 basic components: musculomucosal flap from the upper lip, buccal mucosal advancement flap, and cutaneous rotational flap from the neck. All the flaps survived without significant complications. Labial function in the motions of expression and speaking was maintained. The patients could basically close their mouths completely, and there were no drooping or small-mouth deformities postoperatively. Functional and cosmetically acceptable lower-lip and chin reconstructions in both patients were achieved.