Identification of the critical residues for the function of vacuolar H+-pyrophosphatase by mutational analysis based on the 3D structure.

Journal of biochemistry

PubMedID: 25070903

Asaoka M, Segami S, Maeshima M. Identification of the critical residues for the function of vacuolar H+-pyrophosphatase by mutational analysis based on the 3D structure. J Biochem. 2014;.
H(+)-translocating pyrophosphatase (H(+)-PPase) converts energy from hydrolysis of inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) to active H(+) translocation across membranes. From the 3D structure resolved by crystallography, 17 amino acid residues in some domains of mung bean (Vigna radiata) were selected, substituted with alanine individually, and then expressed in yeast cells to evaluate their biochemical role. The highly conserved residues in the substrate-binding site (T249, D269, D507, and N534) were shown to be essential for PPi hydrolysis and H(+) pump. The amino acid substitution of residues in the H(+) translocation pathway (I545, L555, N738, V746, and L749) resulted in mild decrease in the PPase activity and strong suppression of the H(+) pump. These results suggest that the decoupling of PPi hydrolysis and active H(+) translocation occurred in these 5 mutants including I545A. The alanine substitution of the C124 and C132, which form an intra-molecular disulfide bond, did not affect the enzyme activity. The modifications of the other residues in the vacuolar lumen loop, and M15 had relatively mild effect on the enzyme function. Functional roles of the 17 residues are discussed with consideration of the 3D structural information.