Biomechanical Evaluation of a Novel Subcuticular Skin Stapling Device for Use in Equine Abdominal Surgeries.

Veterinary surgery : VS : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons

PubMedID: 25077672

Biedrzycki A, Markel MD, Brounts SH. Biomechanical Evaluation of a Novel Subcuticular Skin Stapling Device for Use in Equine Abdominal Surgeries. Vet Surg. 2014;.
OBJECTIVE
To compare the in vitro biomechanical properties of a novel subcuticular stapling device to current methods of abdominal skin closure for equine abdominal surgery.

STUDY DESIGN
In vitro randomized, matched design.

SAMPLE POPULATION
Equine ventral median abdominal skin specimens (n?=?24 horses).

METHODS
Subcuticular absorbable staples (SAS), metallic staples (MS), polyglyconate suture (PG), and nylon monofilament (NYL) were applied to longitudinally transected portions of equine ventral midline skin. Loads that resulted in an initial failure point and the ultimate failure load and mechanism were recorded.

RESULTS
Mean?±?SD loads at initial failure for PG (86?N?±?64?N), NYL (81?N?±?142?N), and SAS (70?N?±?20?N) were not significantly different from each other. PG and SAS were significantly higher than MS (43?N?±?17?N; P?
CONCLUSIONS
SAS had the lowest ultimate failure load; however, other measured variables identified characteristics of SAS that may be clinically beneficial.