Malignancy and mortality of colorectal polyps.

Revista medico-chirurgicala a Societatii de Medici si Naturalisti din Iasi

PubMedID: 25076707

Stoian M, State N, Rusu E, Stoica V, Gavril RS, Gherasim A, Radulian G. Malignancy and mortality of colorectal polyps. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2014;118(2):399-406.
To evaluate the rate of morbidity and mortality associated with colorectal polyps after the next 8-years period of endoscopic polypectomy, in a high risk managed care population.

Cohorts of 77 subjects with benign neoplasms were identified with a colonoscopy in 1999. Three groups of subjects: benign neoplasms with polypectomy, benign neoplasms without polypectomy, and no neoplasms were evaluated. Five years recurrence rates (1999-2004) of benign or new malignant colorectal neoplasms were identified: for the benign determined for the baseline benign neoplasms with polypectomy and no neoplasm groups neoplasm without polypectomy, only rates for malignancy were observed. Malignancy was evaluated with immunohistochemical p53 (tumor protein 53) and PCNA (Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen) staining pattern. Over the next 8 years 2004-2012 were evaluated the mortality and the recurrence rate of the benign polyps.

77 subjects were enrolled in our study; 71.4% were diagnosed with benign and 2.5% with malignant neoplasms. The 5-years cumulative incidence rates of malignant colorectal neoplasms in the no neoplasm (n = 20) and benign neoplasm groups (n = 55) were (n = 1) 5% and ( n = 10) 18.1%, respectively (p < 0.005). A lower 5-years malignancy rate was observed in benign neoplasms group with polypectomy (12%) compared to the benign neoplasm group without polypectomy (33.3%) (p < 0.05). The 8-years mortality rate was compared into benign recurrent polyps group and into malign group: the lower 8-years mortality rate was observed into benign polyp no neoplasm group (0%) and into benign recurrent polyps group (40%); the highest rate was observed into neoplasm group (100%).

The high recurrence rate of benign colorectal neoplasms and a higher incidence of colorectal cancer in subjects at high risk-history of benign colorectal neoplasm-highlight a healthcare opportunity for surveillance and/or interventions to reduce the morbidity associated with colorectal neoplasms.