Switching a-Glucosidase Inhibitors to Miglitol Reduced Glucose Fluctuations and Circulating Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetic Japanese Patients.

Drugs in R&D

PubMedID: 25079671

Hariya N, Mochizuki K, Inoue S, Saito M, Fuchigami M, Goda T, Osonoi T. Switching a-Glucosidase Inhibitors to Miglitol Reduced Glucose Fluctuations and Circulating Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetic Japanese Patients. Drugs R D. 2014;.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
In this study we examined the effects of switching a-glucosidase inhibitors (a-GI) from acarbose or voglibose to miglitol on glucose fluctuations and circulating concentrations of cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as soluble adhesion molecules (sE-selectin, sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1), a chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and fatty acid-binding protein 4, in type 2 diabetic patients for 3 months.

METHODS
We enrolled 47 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes, with HbA1c levels with 7.26 ± 0.5 % (mean ± standard deviation), and who were treated with the highest approved dose of acarbose (100 mg/meal) or voglibose (0.3 mg/meal) in combination with insulin or sulfonylurea. Patients' prior a-GIs were switched to a medium dose of miglitol (50 mg/meal), and the new treatments were maintained for 3 months. Thirty-five patients who completed the 3-month study and provided serum samples were analyzed.

RESULTS
The switch to miglitol for 3 months did not affect HbA1c, fasting glucose, triglycerides, total-cholesterol or C-reactive protein levels, or result in any adverse events. Glucose fluctuations were significantly improved by the change in treatment (M-value: 10.54 ± 4.32 to 8.36 ± 2.54), while serum protein concentrations of MCP-1 (525.04 ± 288.06-428.11 ± 163.78 pg/mL) and sE-selectin (18.65 ± 9.77-14.50 ± 6.26 ng/mL) were suppressed.

CONCLUSION
Our results suggest that switching from acarbose or voglibose to miglitol for 3 months suppressed glucose fluctuations and serum protein levels of MCP-1 and sE-selectin in type 2 diabetic Japanese patients, with fewer adverse effects.