Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of adrenal insufficiency in the adult.

Endocrinologia y nutricion : organo de la Sociedad Espanola de Endocrinologia y Nutricion

PubMedID: 25128212

Miguel Novoa PD, Vela ET, García NP, Rodríguez MM, Guerras IS, Martínez de Salinas Santamaría MD, Masó AA, en representación del Área de Conocimiento del Grupo de Neuroendocrino de la SEEN (Grupo Insuficiencia Adrenal). Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of adrenal insufficiency in the adult. Endocrinol Nutr. 2014;61S11-35.
Adrenal insufficiency (AI) is a disease characterized by a deficient production or action of glucocorticoids, with or without deficiency in mineralcorticoids and/or adrenal androgens. It can result from disease intrinsic to the adrenal cortex (primary AI), from pituitary diseases that hamper the release of corticotropin (secondary AI) or from hypothalamic disorders that impair the secretion of the corticotropin-releasing hormone (tertiary AI). It is a disease with a low prevalence but its impact on the affected individual is very high as it can be life-threathening if not treated or lead to health problems if inadequately treated. However, currently there are no specific guidelines for the management of this disease. Therefore, at the proposal of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) board, a task-force under the Neuroendocrinology Knowledge Area of the SEEN was established, with the mandate of updating the diagnosis and treatment of AI. In fulfilment of this mandate the task-force has elaborated the present guide that, based on a comprehensive review of literature, is intended to provide an answer to questions related to the management of this disease. It is, therefore, an essentially practical document, mainly aimed at guiding the health professionals involved in the care of IA patients.