Reliability of ST-Segment Shifts in the Synthesized V3R-V5R Leads After Coronary Balloon Inflations During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

The American journal of cardiology

PubMedID: 25152424

Tamura A, Torigoe K, Goto Y, Naono S, Shinozaki K, Zaizen H, Takahashi N. Reliability of ST-Segment Shifts in the Synthesized V3R-V5R Leads After Coronary Balloon Inflations During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. Am J Cardiol. 2014;114(8):1187-91.
Obtaining a right-chest electrocardiogram is essential for diagnosing concomitant right ventricular infarction in patients with inferior wall acute myocardial infarctions. A software program to synthesize right-chest electrocardiographic waveforms from 12-lead electrocardiographic waveforms is available in Japan. However, its reliability has not been fully investigated. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to examine the reliability of ST-segment shifts in the synthesized V3R to V5R leads. ST-segment shifts in actual and synthesized V3R to V5R leads were compared during the last 10 seconds of 131 balloon inflations while performing elective percutaneous coronary intervention in 56 patients with coronary artery disease. ST-segment shifts in the actual and synthesized V3R, V4R, and V5R leads were correlated (r = 0.96, p <0.001, r = 0.94, p <0.001, and r = 0.91, p <0.001, respectively). A Bland-Altman analysis showed that the bias between ST-segment shifts in the actual and synthesized V3R to V5R leads was -3.1, -5.4, and -4.2 µV, respectively, while the limits of agreement between the ST-segment shifts in the actual and synthesized V3R to V5R leads were -59.2 to 52.9, -61.9 to 51.1, and -59.7 to 51.3 µV, respectively. The ? coefficients for ST-segment elevation of =50 and =100 µV in the actual and synthesized V3R, V4R, and V5R leads were 0.83 and 0.81, 0.66 and 0.83, and 0.57 and 0.80, respectively. In conclusion, these results indicate that ST-segment shifts in the synthesized V3R to V5R leads have acceptable reliability, suggesting that synthesized right-chest electrocardiography can be used to diagnose concomitant right ventricular infarction in patients with inferior wall acute myocardial infarctions.