Deletion of metallothionein exacerbates intermittent hypoxia-induced oxidative and inflammatory injury in aorta.

Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity

PubMedID: 25177426

Zhou S, Wang Y, Tan Y, Cai X, Cai L, Cai J, Zheng Y. Deletion of metallothionein exacerbates intermittent hypoxia-induced oxidative and inflammatory injury in aorta. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2014;2014141053.
The present study was to explore the effect of metallothionein (MT) on intermittent hypoxia (IH) induced aortic pathogenic changes. Markers of oxidative damages, inflammation, and vascular remodeling were observed by immunohistochemical staining after 3 days and 1, 3, and 8 weeks after IH exposures. Endogenous MT was induced after 3 days of IH but was significantly decreased after 8 weeks of IH. Compared with the wild-type mice, MT knock-out mice exhibited earlier and more severe pathogenic changes of oxidative damages, inflammatory responses, and cellular apoptosis, as indicated by the significant accumulation of collagen, increased levels of connective tissue growth factor, transforming growth factor ß1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1,3-nitrotyrosine, and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal in the aorta. These findings suggested that chronic IH may lead to aortic damages characterized by oxidative stress and inflammation, and MT may play a pivotal role in the above pathogenesis process.