Temporomandibular disorders: a human systems approach.

Journal of the California Dental Association

PubMedID: 25174211

Fricton J. Temporomandibular disorders: a human systems approach. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2014;42(8):523-33; discussion 531, 533-5.
The face and associated cranial, oral and dental structures are among the most complicated areas of the body, contributing to an array of common orofacial disorders that include temporomandibular disorders (TMD), orofacial pain disorders and orofacial sleep disorders. This paper presents a broad, inclusive approach to diagnosis and management of TMD that reflects both conceptual models of human systems in understanding chronic illnesses as well as systematic reviews of treatment for successful management.