Subtype-selective Electroporation of Cortical Interneurons.

Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE

PubMedID: 25177832

De Marco Garcia NV, Fishell G. Subtype-selective Electroporation of Cortical Interneurons. J Vis Exp. 2014;(90):.
The study of central nervous system (CNS) maturation relies on genetic targeting of neuronal populations. However, the task of restricting the expression of genes of interest to specific neuronal subtypes has proven remarkably challenging due to the relative scarcity of specific promoter elements. GABAergic interneurons constitute a neuronal population with extensive genetic and morphological diversity. Indeed, more than 11 different subtypes of GABAergic interneurons have been characterized in the mouse cortex(1). Here we present an adapted protocol for selective targeting of GABAergic populations. We achieved subtype selective targeting of GABAergic interneurons by using the enhancer element of the homeobox transcription factors Dlx5 and Dlx6, homologues of the Drosophila distal-less (Dll) gene(2,3), to drive the expression of specific genes through in utero electroporation.