'We have to be Satisfied with the Scraps': South African Nurses' Experiences of Care on Adult Psychiatric Intellectual Disability Inpatient Wards.

Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities : JARID

PubMedID: 25175533

Capri C, Buckle C. 'We have to be Satisfied with the Scraps': South African Nurses' Experiences of Care on Adult Psychiatric Intellectual Disability Inpatient Wards. J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2014;.
BACKGROUND
Migrating nursing labour inadvertently reinforces South Africa's care drain, contributes to a global care crisis and forces us to reconsider migration motivation. This paper highlights issues that complicate psychiatric intellectual disability nursing care and identifies loci for change in an attempt to redress this care challenge.

METHOD
An exploratory descriptive-interpretivist method investigated nurses' experiences of psychiatric intellectual disability work. Sixteen free association narrative interviews were collected in 2013. Thematic analysis allowed findings to emerge from the data.

RESULTS
Findings reflect a number of themes: 'relational interaction', 'care burden', 'system fatigue', 'infantilising dynamic of care' and 'resources for coping'.

CONCLUSION
System fatigue contributes more to negative experiences of providing care than direct patient work, and nurses experience more relational reciprocity from patients than from institutional management. Organizations should meet nurses' needs for burnout prevention, afford them impact in implementing institutional controls, and engage in a non-exploitative and non-exclusionary way.