Regulation of progesterone receptor mRNA by oestradiol and antioestrogens in breast cancer cell lines.

Journal of steroid biochemistry

PubMedID: 2615350

May FE, Johnson MD, Wiseman LR, Wakeling AE, Kastner P, Westley BR. Regulation of progesterone receptor mRNA by oestradiol and antioestrogens in breast cancer cell lines. J Steroid Biochem. 1989;33(6):1035-41.
The induction of progesterone receptor mRNA by oestradiol and antioestrogens has been characterised in the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. Progesterone receptor mRNA was induced more than 100-fold by oestradiol. The induction was half-maximal in the presence of 10(-10) M oestradiol and maximum levels were reached after 24 h treatment. Progesterone receptor mRNA was induced to 10% of the oestrogen-induced level by tamoxifen and its metabolite 4'-hydroxytamoxifen. The increase was half-maximal in the presence of 5 X 10(-8) M tamoxifen or 5 X 10(-10) M 4'-hydroxytamoxifen. In contrast, neither the benzothiophene antioestrogen LY117018 nor the 7 alpha-alkyl steroidal antioestrogen ICI 164,384 had any effect on progesterone receptor mRNA. The progesterone receptor mRNA was also induced by oestrogen in a T47D subline and in two other oestrogen-responsive breast cancer cell lines (ZR-75, EFM-19). Tamoxifen was a partial oestrogen for progesterone receptor mRNA induction in each of these cell lines. The large induction of the progesterone receptor mRNA by oestrogen in all 4 breast cancer cell lines supports the contention that the progesterone receptor may be a good predictive marker of hormonal response in human breast cancer.