Mechanism of acetylcholine release: possible involvement of presynaptic muscarinic receptors in regulation of acetylcholine release and protein phosphorylation.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

PubMedID: 293724

Michaelson DM, Avissar S, Kloog Y, Sokolovsky M. Mechanism of acetylcholine release: possible involvement of presynaptic muscarinic receptors in regulation of acetylcholine release and protein phosphorylation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1979;76(12):6336-40.
Acetylcholine (AcCho) release from purely cholinergic Torpedo synaptosomes was evoked by K+ depolarization in the presence of Ca2+. Activation of muscarinic receptors, present in the synaptosomal fraction, by the agonist oxotremorine resulted in the inhibition of AcCho liberation. This inhibition was abolished by the muscarinic antagonist atropine, which by itself has no effect. These findings suggest that the muscarinic receptor, present in the electric organ of Torpedo is presynaptic and that its physiological function is to regulate AcCho release by negative feedback. The mechanism of presynaptic muscarinic inhibition was investigated by examining the effect of muscarinic ligands on synaptosomal 45Ca2+ uptake and on the level of phosphorylation of specific synaptosomal proteins. Ca2+-dependent K+ depolarization-induced synaptosomal AcCho release was accompanied by 45Ca2+ uptake and by a marked increase in the phosphorylation of a specific synaptosomal protein (band alpha) of approximately 100,000 daltons. Activation of the muscarinic receptor by the agonist oxotremorine had no detectable effect on synaptosomal 45Ca2+ uptake but resulted in the concomitant inhibition of AcCho release and of phosphorylation of band alpha. The muscarinic antagonist atropine abolished the inhibitory effect of oxotremorine both on AcCho liberation and on phosphorylation of band alpha. These findings suggest that phosphorylation of band alpha may be involved in regulation of the presynaptic processes that underly AcCho release and that activation of the muscarinic receptor by agonists may inhibit AcCho release by blocking the phosphorylation of band alpha.