Hormone-induced increase in levels of functional mRNA and alpha-amylase mRNA in barley aleurones.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

PubMedID: 16592736

Muthukrishnan S, Chandra GR, MAXWELL ES. Hormone-induced increase in levels of functional mRNA and alpha-amylase mRNA in barley aleurones. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1979;76(12):6181-5.
Incubation of barley aleurone cells with gibberellic acid produces a progressive increase in the RNA content of the cells. The activity of poly(A)-containing RNA, measured in an in vitro wheat germ protein-synthesizing system, reaches a maximum approximately 12 hr after hormone addition and declines thereafter. The structurally intact functional mRNA content in these cells, measured as poly(A)-RNA with 5' "caps," also shows a maximum at 12 hr and correlates with the translational capacity of poly(A)-RNA. Activation of mRNA by guanylylation or methylation after addition of gibberellic acid is ruled out. Available evidence indicates that gibberellic acid stimulates protein synthesis by increasing the synthesis of mRNA. Studies with cycloheximide suggest that the induction of synthesis of alpha-amylase mRNA by gibberellic acid requires protein synthesis after hormone addition.