HIV persistence in monocytes leads to pathogenesis and AIDS.

Cellular immunology

PubMedID: 3281762

Pauza CD. HIV persistence in monocytes leads to pathogenesis and AIDS. Cell Immunol. 1988;112(2):414-24.
An hypothesis of the pathogenic mechanism leading to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) that places special emphasis on the potential for infected monocytes to act as the reservoir of a persistent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been developed. Monocytes may mediate directly the infection and ultimate destruction of helper T cells; this establishes a direct relationship between antigen presentation and HIV dissemination, thus accounting for the cytopathogenic effects and immune system debilitation associated commonly with AIDS. The possibility that this mode of virus dissemination can account for the depletion of helper-T-cell subsets based on their antigen specificity is considered and may explain why the cellular immune response to the virus is ineffective. This concept and may also elucidate the role of intercurrent infections in the development of disease and it suggests mechanistic explanations for the conversion from prodromal to fulminant AIDS.