Photosynthesis of Grass Species Differing in Carbon Dioxide Fixation Pathways : VI. DIFFERENTIAL EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND LIGHT INTENSITY ON PHOTORESPIRATION IN C(3), C(4), AND INTERMEDIATE SPECIES.

Plant physiology

PubMedID: 16661473

Brown RH, Morgan JA. Photosynthesis of Grass Species Differing in Carbon Dioxide Fixation Pathways : VI. DIFFERENTIAL EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND LIGHT INTENSITY ON PHOTORESPIRATION IN C(3), C(4), AND INTERMEDIATE SPECIES. Plant Physiol. 1980;66(4):541-4.
The effects of temperature and photosynthetically active radiation levels on photorespiration were investigated in Panicum milioides Nees ex Trin. and Panicum schenckii Hack., species known to have low photorespiration rates and other characteristics intermediate between C(3) and C(4) species. Comparisons were made with the C(3) grass species tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). An increase in temperature from 20 to 35 C raised photorespiration from 7.3 to 10.2 milligrams per square decimeter per hour in tall fescue, but the increase in P. schenckii was less than 1 milligram per square decimeter per hour. Increases in temperature caused much less change in CO(2) compensation concentration in P. milioides and P. schenckii than in tall fescue, values of 160 microliters per liter being obtained in tall fescue at 40 C compared to about 40 microliters per liter for P. milioides and P. schenckii. Photorespiration in P. schenckii increased by only about 1 milligram CO(2) per square decimeter per hour as the photosynthetically active radiation level was raised from 100 to 2,000 microEinsteins per square meter per second. Loss of CO(2) into CO(2)-free air actually decreased from 2.2 to 1.0 milligrams per square decimeter per hour as the radiation level was raised from 100 to 1,100 microEinsteins per square meter per second but tended to rise again at 2,000 microEinsteins per square meter per second. In contrast, photorespiration in tall fescue tripled with radiation level over the same range, reaching a maximum value of 7.2 milligrams per square decimeter per hour as determined by extrapolation of the CO(2) response curves to zero CO(2). The CO(2) compensation concentration in tall fescue was nearly insensitive to photosynthetically active radiation above 140 microEinsteins per square meter per second but, in P. milioides and P. schenckii, it decreased from values of 69 and 62 microliters per liter, respectively, to values of 21 and 16 as the radiation level was increased from 50 to 1075 microEinsteins per square meter per second. Interpolation of CO(2)-response curves showed that an increase in photosynthetically active radiation level from 100 to 2,000 microEinsteins per square meter per second reduced the CO(2) compensation value of P. schenckii from 38 to 19 microliters per liter. Data from these experiments indicate reduced photorespiration or a CO(2)-recycling mechanism in P. milioides and P. schenckii which causes apparent photorespiration to be nearly insensitive to temperature in the 20 to 35 C range and to decrease at high radiation intensities.