Pressure Fields by Flow-Sensitive, 4D, Velocity-Encoded CMR in Patients With Aortic Coarctation.

JACC. Cardiovascular imaging

PubMedID: 25212797

Riesenkampff E, Fernandes JF, Meier S, Goubergrits L, Kropf S, Schubert S, Berger F, Henneumuth A, Kuehne T. Pressure Fields by Flow-Sensitive, 4D, Velocity-Encoded CMR in Patients With Aortic Coarctation. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014;7(9):920-926.
This study compared pressure fields by 4-dimensional (4D), velocity-encoded cine (VEC) cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) with pressures measured by the clinical gold standard catheterization. Thirteen patients (n = 7 male, n = 6 female) with coarctation were studied. The 4D-VEC-CMR pressure fields were computed by solving the Pressure-Poisson equation. The agreement between catheterization and CMR-based methods was determined at 5 different measurement sites along the aorta. For all sites, the correlation coefficients between measures varied between 0.86 and 0.97 (p < 0.001). The Bland-Altman test showed good agreement between peak systolic pressure gradients across the coarctation. The nonsignificant (p > 0.2) bias was +2.3 mm Hg (± 6.4 mm Hg, 2 SDs) for calibration with dynamic pressures and +1.5 mm Hg (± 4.6 mm Hg, 2 SDs) for calibration with static pressure. In a clinical setting of coarctation, pressure fields can be accurately computed from 4D-VEC-CMR-derived flows. In patients with coarctation, this noninvasive technique might evolve to an alternative to invasive catheterization.