Comparative studies of the sugar chains of aminopeptidase N and dipeptidylpeptidase IV purified from rat kidney brush-border membrane.

Biochemistry

PubMedID: 2902877

Yamashita K, Tachibana Y, Matsuda Y, Katunuma N, Kochibe N, Kobata A. Comparative studies of the sugar chains of aminopeptidase N and dipeptidylpeptidase IV purified from rat kidney brush-border membrane. Biochemistry. 1988;27(15):5565-73.
Asparagine-linked sugar chains of rat kidney aminopeptidase N and dipeptidylpeptidase IV were investigated comparatively. Oligosaccharides released from the two enzymes by hydrazinolysis were fractionated by paper electrophoresis, serial chromatographies on columns of immobilized Aleuria aurantia lectin, concanavalin A, phytohemagglutinin E4, and Datura stramonium agglutinin, and Bio-Gel P-4 (less than 400 mesh) column chromatography. Structures of oligosaccharides in each fraction were assumed by their effective molecular sizes and behaviors on the four lectin columns and then confirmed by sequential exoglycosidase digestion and methylation analysis. The sugar chains of aminopeptidase N and dipeptidylpeptidase IV are almost the same as those of rat kidney gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase reported previously [Yamashita, K., Hitoi, A., Matsuda, Y., Tsuji, A., Katunuma, N., & Kobata, A. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 1098-1107]. They are a mixture of 5 high mannose type sugar chains and 32 (for aminopeptidase N) or 26 (for dipeptidylpeptidase IV) mono-, bi-, tri-, and tetraantennary complex type sugar chains. The unique feature of the complex-type sugar chains of both enzymes is that they all contain the bisecting N-acetylglucosamine residue and are incompletely galactosylated in their outer-chain moieties.