Effect of long-term moderate physical exercise on plasma lipoproteins. The National Exercise and Heart Disease Project.

Arch Intern Med

PubMedID: 7149870

LaRosa JC, Cleary P, Muesing RA, Gorman P, HELLERSTEIN HK, Naughton J. Effect of long-term moderate physical exercise on plasma lipoproteins. The National Exercise and Heart Disease Project. Arch Intern Med. 1982;142(13):2269-74.
As part of the National Exercise and Heart Disease Project, 223 postcoronary men, aged 30 to 64, were randomly assigned to moderate exercise or control groups. Levels of total plasma cholesterol, high- and low-density lipoprotein (HDL and LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides were measured. At baseline, alcohol intake, weight, and skin-fold thickness but not treadmill work capacity correlated with triglyceride or HDL cholesterol levels. After one year, no clinically important change in lipid levels was observed in either group. Using multiple regression analysis of the combined groups, changes in several independent variables, including work capacity change, were not predictive of changes in lipid levels. Thus, changes in levels of fitness and/or regular exercise did not substantially influence HDL cholesterol or other lipid levels.