Rescue of terminally differentiating teratocarcinoma cells by fusion to undifferentiated parental cells.

Somatic cell genetics

PubMedID: 6891836

LITTLEFIELD JW, Felix JS. Rescue of terminally differentiating teratocarcinoma cells by fusion to undifferentiated parental cells. Somatic Cell Genet. 1982;8(6):743-57.
A new clonal CBA mouse teratocarcinoma cell line called H6 grows rapidly without calcium in suspension culture. When attached to a gelatin-coated surface in the presence of calcium, differentiation to large flat cells, which secrete plasminogen activator, occurs after exposure to retinoic acid. Differentiation is terminal after about six cell divisions. H6 variants resistant to 6-thioguanine, 5-bromodeoxyuridine, ouabain, chloramphenicol, retinoic acid, or combinations thereof, have been isolated. Cell hybridizations were made between undifferentiated stem cells and the differentiated derivatives of H6. These experiments indicate that the undifferentiated cells can "rescue" cells in the initial stages of differentiation and that the signs of differentiation are soon lost in such hybrids. Hybridization without "rescue" may also occur, as suggested by small abortive colonies of large cells.