Impaired PI3 K Akt expression in liver and skeletal muscle of ovariectomized rats.

Endocrine

PubMedID: 23377702

Wang Y, Li B, Zhang W, Liu Y, Xue P, Ma J, Li Y. Impaired PI3 K Akt expression in liver and skeletal muscle of ovariectomized rats. Endocrine. 2013;.
It is well established that estrogen deficiency is strongly linked to the development of insulin resistance (IR), but the mechanism is still unclear. Since IR is characterized by a marked reduction in insulin-stimulated PI3 K-mediated activation of Akt in liver and skeletal muscle, we hypothesized that ovariectomized rats (OVX) would exhibit reductions in the expression of proteins in PI3 K signaling pathway, including PI3 K and Akt. As hypothesized, after observing for 12 weeks, compared with the SHAM rats, ovariectomy led to decreased plasma estrogen level and increased HOMA-IR index; in addition, ovariectomy also caused decreased PI3 K and Akt expression levels in the liver and skeletal muscle. Interestingly, the expression patterns differed in tissue-dependent fashion: Akt1 was only found reduction in liver, whereas Akt2 decreased in muscle; these changes can be reversed by estrogen supplement (OVXE). In conclusion, data demonstrate that estrogen withdrawals may cause IR at least in part by impaired PI3 K/Akt signaling proteins in liver and skeletal muscle, and Akt1 and Akt2 might be tissue-specific expressions.