Time-course of effects of toluene on microsomal enzymes in rat liver, kidney and lung during and after inhalation exposure.

Chemico-biological interactions

PubMedID: 6409435

Pyykkö K. Time-course of effects of toluene on microsomal enzymes in rat liver, kidney and lung during and after inhalation exposure. Chem Biol Interact. 1983;44(3):299-310.
Inhalation of toluene vapour of 2000 ppm increased the activities of aniline hydroxylase, aminopyrine N-demethylase, aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase and the concentrations of cytochromes P-450 and b5 in liver microsomes of adult male rats after an exposure period of 1 day or less. Repeated treatments, 8 h daily for 1-16 days, had only a slight further effect. In lung microsomes, the activities of monooxygenases and the concentration of cytochrome P-450 decreased after 6-24 h toluene exposure, but those of cytochrome b5 and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase did not change. In kidney microsomes the changes were mostly insignificant. After discontinuation of exposure the activities of enzymes and the concentrations of cytochromes returned to the control level in 1-4 days. The results obtained resemble the time-courses for the induction of monooxygenases by other inducers. The tissue differences suggest the unequal distribution of various cytochrome P-450 forms and their individual responsiveness to induction in liver, kidneys and lungs.