Inhibition of specific pathways of myeloid cell differentiation by an activated Hox-2.4 homeobox gene.

Cell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research

PubMedID: 1359901

Blatt C, Lotem J, Sachs L. Inhibition of specific pathways of myeloid cell differentiation by an activated Hox-2.4 homeobox gene. Cell Growth Differ. 1992;3(10):671-6.
Abnormal expression of homeobox genes is one of the abnormalities associated with the development of murine and human leukemia. Myeloid leukemic cells that can be induced to differentiate to mature cells by interleukin 6 were stably transfected with an activated Hox-2.4 homeobox gene. Expression of the Hox-2.4 gene in the transfected clones inhibited specific pathways of the myeloid differentiation program induced by interleukin 6. The expression of some genes associated with differentiation was almost completely blocked, and the expression of other genes was either partially inhibited or not affected. The results support the hypothesis that abnormal expression of Hox-2.4 may contribute to the development of leukemia by interfering with the differentiation program.