Influence of CH4 production by Methanobacterium ruminantium on the fermentation of glucose and lactate by Selenomonas ruminantium.

Applied and environmental microbiology

PubMedID: 596874

Chen M, Wolin MJ. Influence of CH4 production by Methanobacterium ruminantium on the fermentation of glucose and lactate by Selenomonas ruminantium. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1977;34(6):756-9.
A method is described for increasing the production of H2 from glucose or lactate by Selenomonas ruminantium by sequential transfers in media containing pregrown Methanobacterium ruminantium. The methanogen uses the H2 formed by the selenomonad to reduce CO2 to CH4. Analysis of fermentation products from glucose showed that lactate was the major product formed from glucose by S. ruminantium alone. Several sequential transfers in the presence of the methanogen caused a marked decrease in lactate production, which was accompanied by an increase in acetate. When lactate was the fermentation substrate, S. ruminantium alone produced propionate, acetate, and CO2. Addition to the pregrown methanogen in the sequential transfer procedure caused a significant decrease in the production of propionate and an increase in acetate formed from lactate. These results are interpreted in terms of the influence of H2 utilization by the methanogen on the production of H2 versus lactate or propionate from reduced pyridine nucleotides by S. ruminantium.