Influence of fetal bovine serum on cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of lectins in MCF-7 cells.

Journal of biochemical and molecular toxicology

PubMedID: 21523858

Faheina-Martins GV, da Silveira AL, Ramos MV, Marques-Santos LF, Araujo DA. Influence of fetal bovine serum on cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of lectins in MCF-7 cells. J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2011;25(5):290-6.
Canavalia ensiformis (ConA), Canavalia brasiliensis (Conbr), and Cratylia floribunda (CFL) lectins have exhibited glucose-mannose binding specificity. We investigated the effect of fetal bovine serum (FBS) concentrations (1, 5, 10, and 20%) on the cytotoxic effect of these lectins against breast tumor cell line MCF-7. Cell viability was examined using the MTT reduction assay. When cells were grown in a medium supplemented with a higher serum concentration (10 or 20%), all lectins were much less toxic. When we used 1% FBS, it was possible to achieve a concentration-dependent activity by all examined lectins, with an IC(50) of 3.5, 25, and 60 µg/mL for ConA, Conbr, and CFL, respectively. All lectins incubated with 1% FBS induced apoptosis and DNA damage in MCF-7 cells. We conclude that ConA, Conbr, and CFL lectins' cytotoxic and genotoxic effects were observed only at low concentrations of serum.