Change of urinary nitrogen excretion in response to low-protein diets in adults.

The American journal of clinical nutrition

PubMedID: 1274887

Rand WM, Young VR, SCRIMSHAW NS. Change of urinary nitrogen excretion in response to low-protein diets in adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 1976;29(6):639-44.
Data from nitrogen balance studies in young men and elderly women were analyzed for the pattern of urinary nitrogen excretion after the subjects had changed from an adequate to an essentially protein-free diet. The single exponential equation: y = P1e-p2t+P3, provided an adequate fit of the data, suggesting that a single-pool model describes the adaptive decline in urinary nitrogen excretion under these dietary conditions. Comparisons of the estimated parameters showed that the fractional rate constant, P2, was the same for both the young men and elderly women, but that the other coefficients differed between the two groups depending upon whether they were expressed per day, per kg of body weight, per unit creatinine excreted, or per kg of body cell mass. The length of time between the change in diet and the attainment of a new equilibrium in urinary nitrogen excretion (ts, or time to stability) is defined as ts = 1/p2 loge(p1/s) where s is the standard error of the fit. The average time to stability was the same in both groups (4.5 days), and 95% of the subjects reached the new equilibrium in nitrogen output within 8 days.