The Anx7(+/-) knockout mutation alters electrical and secretory responses to Ca(2+)-mobilizing agents in pancreatic ß-cells.

Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology

PubMedID: 22613970

Mears D, Zimliki CL, Atwater I, Rojas E, Glassman M, Leighton X, Pollard HB, Srivastava M. The Anx7(+/-) knockout mutation alters electrical and secretory responses to Ca(2+)-mobilizing agents in pancreatic ß-cells. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2012;29(5-6):697-704.
Insulin secretion from the pancreatic ß-cell is controlled by changes in membrane potential and intracellular Ca(2+). The contribution of intracellular Ca(2+) stores to this process is poorly understood. We have previously shown that ß-cells of mice lacking one copy of the Annexin 7 gene (Anx7(+/-)) express reduced levels of IP(3) receptors and defects in IP(3)-dependent Ca(2+) signaling. To further elucidate the effect of the Anx7(+/-) mutation on signaling related to intracellular Ca(2+) stores in the ß-cell, we measured the effects of Ca(2+) mobilizing agents on electrical activity, intracellular Ca(2+) and insulin secretion in control and mutant ß-cells. We found that the muscarinic agonist carbachol and the ryanodine receptor agonists caffeine and 4-chloro-m-cresol had more potent depolarizing effects on Anx7(+/-) ß-cells compared to controls. Accordingly, glucose-induced insulin secretion was augmented to a greater extent by caffeine in mutant islets. Surprisingly, ryanodine receptor-mediated Ca(2+) mobilization was not affected by the Anx7(+/-) mutation, suggesting that the mechanism underlying the observed differences in electrical and secretory responsiveness does not involve intracellular Ca(2+) stores. Our results provide evidence that both IP3 receptors and ryanodine receptors play important roles in regulating ß-cell membrane potential and insulin secretion, and that the Anx7(+/-) mutation is associated with alterations in the signaling pathways related to these receptors.