Gonococcal endocarditis in the antibiotic era.

Arch Intern Med

PubMedID: 508021

Cooke DB, Arensberg D, Felner JM, Rimland D, Lesser LM. Gonococcal endocarditis in the antibiotic era. Arch Intern Med. 1979;139(11):1247-50.
Since the introduction of penicillin in 1942, there have been only 11 culture-proven cases of gonococcal endocarditis in the English literature. Most patients are under 30 years of age and have no history of heart disease. The aortic valve is often involved and aortic regurgitation is common. The bacteriologic diagnosis can be difficult and may require more than six blood cultures and a long incubation period. Circulating immune complexes appear to be the cause of many of the extracardiac manifestations. The three new cases reported herein and review of the literature emphasize the distinctive features of gonococcal endocarditis.