Oral Interleukin-10 Alleviates Polyposis via Neutralization of Pathogenic T-Regulatory Cells.

Cancer Research

PubMedID: 25228656

Chung AY, Li Q, Blair SJ, De Jesus M, Dennis KL, LeVea C, Yao J, Sun Y, Conway TF, Virtuoso LP, Battaglia NG, Furtado S, Mathiowitz E, Mantis NJ, Khazaie K, Egilmez NK. Oral Interleukin-10 Alleviates Polyposis via Neutralization of Pathogenic T-Regulatory Cells. Cancer Res. 2014;74(19):5377-85.
Immune dysregulation drives the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory, autoimmune, and dysplastic disorders. While often intended to address localized pathology, most immune modulatory therapies are administered systemically and carry inherent risk of multiorgan toxicities. Here, we demonstrate, in a murine model of spontaneous gastrointestinal polyposis, that site-specific uptake of orally administered IL10 microparticles ameliorates local and systemic disease to enhance survival. Mechanistic investigations showed that the therapeutic benefit of this treatment derived from neutralization of disease-promoting FoxP3(+)RoR?t(+)IL17(+) pathogenic T-regulatory cells (pgTreg), with a concomitant restoration of FoxP3(+)RoR?t(-)IL17(-) conventional T-regulatory cells (Treg). These findings provide a proof-of-principle for the ability of an oral biologic to restore immune homeostasis at the intestinal surface. Furthermore, they implicate local manipulation of IL10 as a tractable therapeutic strategy to address the inflammatory sequelae associated with mucosal premalignancy. Cancer Res; 74(19); 1-9. ©2014 AACR.