Avian leukosis virus (ALV) infection, shedding, and tumors in maternal ALV antibody-positive and -negative chickens exposed to virus at hatching.

Avian diseases

PubMedID: 2838017

Fadly AM. Avian leukosis virus (ALV) infection, shedding, and tumors in maternal ALV antibody-positive and -negative chickens exposed to virus at hatching. Avian Dis. 1988;32(1):89-95.
Chickens highly susceptible to avian leukosis virus (ALV) infection and tumors, with and without ALV subgroup A maternal antibody (MAB), were infected with a field strain of ALV subgroup A at hatching. Viremia, antibody development, cloacal and albumen shedding, and tumors in chickens with MAB (MAB+) were compared with those in chickens lacking MAB (MAB-). At 18 weeks of age, the incidence of viremia was significantly lower in MAB+ chickens than in MAB- chickens; further, MAB significantly reduced the proportion of tolerantly infected (viremic antibody-negative) chickens. Cloacal shedding of ALV at 22 weeks of age and shedding of ALV group-specific (gs) antigen in albumen of eggs from all laying hens at 30-32 weeks of age were significantly lower in MAB+ hens than in MAB- hens. The incidence of ALV-induced tumors was lower in MAB+ chickens than in MAB- chickens, significantly so in one of three trials conducted. These results suggest that MAB may influence the development of viremia, antibody, and shedding of ALV following massive exposure to virus at hatching.