5-Hydroxytryptophan: an absorption and fluorescence probe which is a conservative replacement for [A14 tyrosine] in insulin.

Journal of protein chemistry

PubMedID: 7662110

Laws WR, Schwartz GP, Rusinova E, Burke GT, Chu YC, Katsoyannis PG, Ross JB. 5-Hydroxytryptophan: an absorption and fluorescence probe which is a conservative replacement for [A14 tyrosine] in insulin. J Protein Chem. 1995;14(4):225-32.
Use of insulin's intrinsic tyrosine absorption and fluorescence to monitor its interaction with the insulin receptor is limited because the spectral properties of the receptor tryptophan residues mask the spectral properties of the hormone tyrosine residues. We describe the synthesis of an insulin analog where A14 tyrosine is replaced by a tryptophan analog, 5-hydroxytryptophan. This insulin is spectrally enhanced since 5-hydroxytryptophan has an absorption band above 300 nm which is at lower energies than the absorption of tryptophan. Steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence parameters indicate that 5-hydroxytryptophan reports the same information about the environment of the A14 side chain as does the corresponding tryptophan-containing insulin. The synthetic hormone is a full agonist compared to porcine insulin, but has slightly reduced specific activity. Consequently, this spectrally enhanced insulin analog will be useful for hormone-receptor interaction studies since it can be observed by both absorption and fluorescence even in the presence of the tryptophan-containing receptor.