Pyrosequencing for Classification of Human Fc?RIIIA Allotypes: A Comparison with PCR-Based Techniques.

Molecular diagnosis & therapy

PubMedID: 25230857

Matlawska-Wasowska K, Gale JM, Nickl CK, Khalili P, Shirley B, Wilson BS, Vasef MA, Winter SS. Pyrosequencing for Classification of Human Fc?RIIIA Allotypes: A Comparison with PCR-Based Techniques. Mol Diagn Ther. 2014;.
BACKGROUND
Surface-specific antigens expressed by hematopoietic cells are attractive targets for antibody-mediated immunotherapy. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) involve various mechanisms to eliminate target cells, including antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC)- and phagocytosis (ADCP)-mediated killing through natural killer (NK) and macrophage effector cells bearing Fc?RIIIA (CD16). The clinical efficacy of ADCC is particularly impacted by a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) found in the gene encoding Fc?RIIIA (FCGR3A), which generates a variable distribution of the 158 V/V, F/V or F/F CD16 allotypes (F = phenylalanine, V = valine) in the normal human population. Currently, most patients are not screened for CD16 allotypes, creating the potential to include in their treatment a mAb-based therapy that may have limited benefit. Therefore, it is important to identify CD16 allotypes when considering mAb therapies that require ADCC/ADCP.

OBJECTIVE
The objective of this study was to develop a reliable PCR-based assay for classification of human Fc?RIIIA allotypes.

METHODS
We studied 42 normal human subjects for the incidence of Fc?RIIIA-158 polymorphisms using comparative molecular approaches.

RESULTS
The results of our study showed 100 % accuracy in genotyping by pyrosequencing. In contrast, nested PCR-based allele-specific restriction assay and quantitative PCR techniques proved to be relatively less sensitive and less specific in distinguishing variant genotypes.

CONCLUSION
Since the efficacy of the mAb-based targeted immunotherapy may be highly dependent upon the CD16 polymorphism in a given individual, we recommend pyrosequencing for CD16 allotype testing.