Current generators and properties of late components evoked in rat olfactory cortex.

Brain research bulletin

PubMedID: 3395860

Ferreyra-Moyano H, Cinelli AR, Molina JC, Barragán E. Current generators and properties of late components evoked in rat olfactory cortex. Brain Res Bull. 1988;20(4):433-46.
Following main olfactory bulb (MOB) stimulation at frequencies of 0.1-0.3 Hz, in addition to early field potentials, a frequency-sensitive, surface negative late N2 wave (latency range: 63-96 msec) followed occasionally by a late N3 transient, was evoked in the piriform cortex and endopiriform nucleus of the rat. The N2 wave inverted polarity at the Ib-II cortical layer interface (P2 wave) and was associated with late unit discharges 200 to 1200 microns deep to the turnover point. Response probability, peak latency, recovery curve and frequency-sensitivity of the P2 wave were not significantly different in animals under urethane or pentobarbital. Current-source-density (CSD) analysis revealed that the N2 wave generators were localized to the Ib-II layer interface. Since inhibitory activity does not contribute substantially to the second derivative curve, CSD analysis strengthens the assumption that late components (LCs) are excitatory events (compound EPSPs) presumably generated on the proximal apical dendritic segments of pyramidal cells by association axons. The early "b" wave in a test response was facilitated, rather than occluded, when a LC was present in the conditioning response, or when the priming volley was delivered to the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus. Clustering of unit and field activity in two distinct periods of the evoked response separated by a prolonged interval of cell silence suggests that cortical coding of olfactory cues might be more efficiently achieved by temporal modulation of the neuronal response rather than by spatial distribution of firing patterns.