In vitro gene therapy of mucopolysaccharidosis type I by lentiviral vectors.

European journal of biochemistry / FEBS

PubMedID: 12047386

Di Natale P, Di Domenico C, Villani GR, Lombardo A, Follenzi A, Naldini L. In vitro gene therapy of mucopolysaccharidosis type I by lentiviral vectors. Eur J Biochem. 2002;269(11):2764-71.
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) results from a deficiency in the enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA), and is characterized by skeletal abnormalities, hepatosplenomegaly and neurological dysfunction. In this study, we used a late generation lentiviral vector to evaluate the utility of this vector system for the transfer and expression of the human IDUA cDNA in MPS I fibroblasts. We observed that the level of enzyme expression in transduced cells was 1.5-fold the level found in normal cells; the expression persisted for at least two months. In addition, transduced MPS I fibroblasts were capable of clearing intracellular radiolabeled glycosaminoglycan (GAG). Pulse-chase experiments on transduced fibroblasts showed that the recombinant enzyme was synthesized as a 76-kDa precursor form and processed to a 66-kDa mature form; it was released from transduced cells and was endocytosed into a second population of untreated MPS I fibroblasts via a mannose 6-phosphate receptor. These results suggest that the lentiviral vector may be used for the delivery and expression of the IDUA gene to cells in vivo for treatment of MPS I.