Comparison of ketamine versus combination of ketamine and medetomidine in injectable anesthetic protocols: chemical immobilization in macaques and tissue reaction in rats.

Contemporary topics in laboratory animal science / American Association for Laboratory Animal Science

PubMedID: 12906399

Sun FJ, Wright DE, Pinson DM. Comparison of ketamine versus combination of ketamine and medetomidine in injectable anesthetic protocols: chemical immobilization in macaques and tissue reaction in rats. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci. 2003;42(4):32-7.
This study compared balanced anesthesia between ketamine alone and ketamine with medetomidine and assessed the repeated intramuscular use of ketamine and its potential for tissue damage. The combination of ketamine and medetomidine was tested in newly arrived macaques undergoing a period of quarantine in an animal facility. Results indicated that the medetomidine and ketamine combination induced a deeper, more level plane of anesthesia of longer duration than did ketamine alone. Furthermore, use of the medetomidine-reversing agent, atipamezole, permitted more rapid recovery. In addition, a preliminary study in adult rats was undertaken to assess tissue damage induced by intramuscular injection of ketamine versus the combination of ketamine and medetomidine. Histological evaluation of tissue inflammation and muscle necrosis in rats indicated that the lower dose of ketamine afforded by combination with medetomidine caused markedly less damage to muscle tissue at injection sites.