Induction of antibodies against the Plasmodium falciparum p126 antigen in non-responder H-2b and partial-responder H-2d mice using synthetic peptides.

Peptide research

PubMedID: 8738980

Gilardeau Truffinet M, Bossus M, Camus D, Delplace P, Mazingue C, Diesis E, Tartar A, Moreau S, Gras-Masse H, Banic DM. Induction of antibodies against the Plasmodium falciparum p126 antigen in non-responder H-2b and partial-responder H-2d mice using synthetic peptides. Pept Res. 1997;9(2):61-70.
The p126 Plasmodium falciparum antigen is processed into two fragments, p50 and p73, the latter one containing the subfragments p47 and p18 when the schizonts rupture. An absence of antibody response against the p126 antigen has been reported recently in H-2b mice and limited to the p73 processed fragment in H-2d mice. Synthetic peptides corresponding to various domains of the molecule have been used to immunize mice in order to overcome the absence of an immune response. Synthetic peptides corresponding to the N-terminus of p50 or p18 as well as to the C-terminus of p47 were unable to induce anti-peptide antibodies when injected carrier-free or coupled to ovalbumin. Synthetic peptides corresponding to the C-terminus of p18 or composed of 6 or 9 serines were able to induce anti-peptide antibodies when injected coupled to a carrier protein. However, none of these antibodies was able to recognize the native p126 molecule. Various synthetic peptides corresponding to the 6-octapeptide [Nt47 (6 x 8)] or the 4-octapeptide [Nt47(4 x 8)] repeat sequence localized at the N-terminus of the p47 have also been used to immunize mice. No antibodies were generated using a carrier-free [Nt47(6 x 8)-Cys]2 or [Nt47 (4 x 8)-Cys]2 peptide, an octameric multiple antigen peptide construct [Nt47(6 x 8)]-MAP or the [Nt47(6 x 8)] coupled to one or two palmitic acids. In contrast, [Nt47(6 x 8)]-Cys coupled to either tetanus toxoid (TT) or ovalbumin (OVA) and [Nt47(4 x 8)]-Cys coupled to OVA induced antibodies against the synthetic peptide and the native p126 molecule in both H-2d and H-2b mice. A multiple antigen peptide construct [Nt47(4 x 8)-MSP-3b]-MAP containing 4 [Nt47(4 x 8)] and 4 [MSP-3b] also induced antibodies against the synthetic peptide [Nt47(4 x 8)-Cys]2 and the native p126 molecule in both H-2d and H-2b mice.