Characterization of the immunologic responses to human in vivo acquired enamel pellicle as a novel means to investigate its composition.

Oral microbiology and immunology

PubMedID: 12753471

Li J, Helmerhorst EJ, Corley RB, Luus LE, Troxler RF, Oppenheim FG. Characterization of the immunologic responses to human in vivo acquired enamel pellicle as a novel means to investigate its composition. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2003;18(3):183-91.
Human acquired enamel pellicle is formed by molecules selectively adsorbed onto tooth surfaces. The present work describes the use of monoclonal antibody (mAb) technology as a novel approach to identify micro amounts of components present in pellicle. MAbs were obtained with reactivities against statherin, histatin, mucous glycoprotein 1(MGI), albumin, amylase and human immunoglobulins (Igs), indicating that these are pellicle components, which was further confirmed by immunoblotting. No mAbs against proline-rich proteins (PRPs), lysozyme, mucous glycoprotein 2 (MG2), carbonic anhydrase, lactoferrin or peroxidase were obtained, suggesting that these components are absent, present in low amounts, or exhibit low antigenicity. Further characterization of the binding epitopes of some of th e obtained anti-MGO, anti-statherin and anti-histatin mAbs were carried out and the biological relevance is discussed. The results open up the possibility that immunization with human pellicle and mAbs production can be employed to identify hitherto unknown constituents of pellicle.