Drug-drug interactions evaluated by a highly active reconstituted native human cytochrome P4503A4 and human NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase system.

Arzneimittel-Forschung

PubMedID: 14979613

Haehner T, Refaie MO, Müller-Enoch D. Drug-drug interactions evaluated by a highly active reconstituted native human cytochrome P4503A4 and human NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase system. Arzneimittelforschung. 2004;54(1):78-83.
Catalytic activities of native human CYP3A4-mediated reactions as well as drug interactions were directly evaluated by isolated reconstituted human CYP3A4: NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase systems. The SDS-PAGE pure CYP3A4 and human NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase had been incorporated into a binary vesicular phospholipid system of dilauroyl-phosphatidyl-choline and phosphatidyl-serine which had proven to achieve optimal nifedipine oxidase activity (19.6 nmol nifedipine oxidized x min(-1) x nmol CYP3A4(-1)). The IC50 values of ketoconazole (CAS 65 277-42-1) (approximately 3 micromol/l), quinidine (CAS 56-54-2) (approximately 5 micromol/l), mifepristone (CAS 84 371-65-3) (-8 micromol/l), 17alpha-ethinylestradiol (CAS 57-63-6) (approximately 17 micromol/l), cimetidine (CAS 51 481-61-9) (approximately 46 micromol/l), FK 506 (tacrolimus) (CAS 104 987-11-3) (approximately 53 micromol/l), naringenin (CAS 480-41-1) (approximately 87 micromol/l), and cyclosporine A (CAS 59 865-13-3) (approximately 90 micromol/l) indicate that all these drugs have an inhibitory effect on nifedipine (CAS 21 829-25-4) metabolism, whereas the drug quinine (CAS 130-95-0) did not elicit any significant inhibition.