Antioxidant activity of NADH and its analogue--an in vitro study.

Journal of biochemistry and molecular biology

PubMedID: 15469728

Olek RA, Ziolkowski W, Kaczor JJ, Greci L, Popinigis J, Antosiewicz J. Antioxidant activity of NADH and its analogue--an in vitro study. J Biochem Mol Biol. 2004;37(4):416-21.
The antioxidant activities of NADH and of its analogue, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-3,5-dicarbethoxy-pyridine (PyH(2)), were evaluated in vitro. NADH was found to be oxidized by the peroxyl radical derived from 2,2-azobis-(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) decomposition, in a pH-dependent manner. Both NADH and PyH(2) inhibited the peroxidation of egg yolk lecithin (EYL) liposomes, although PyH(2) was more effective than NADH when 2,2'-azobis-4-methoxy-2,4-dimethyl-valeronitrile (methoxy-AMVN) was employed to induce EYL liposome peroxidation. The antioxidant activities of NADH and PyH(2) were also evaluated by measuring their influences on 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran (DPBF) fluorescence decay in the presence of peroxyl radicals. NADH and PyH(2) were much more effective at inhibiting DPBF quenching in Triton X-100 micelles than in liposomes. These results indicate that NADH can inhibit lipid peroxidation despite being hydrophilic. Nevertheless, membrane penetration is an important factor and limits its antioxidant activity.