The formation of synapses in reinnervated and cross-reinnervated adult avian muscle.

The Journal of physiology

PubMedID: 4350769

Bennett MR, Pettigrew AG, Taylor RS. The formation of synapses in reinnervated and cross-reinnervated adult avian muscle. J Physiol (Lond). 1973;230(2):331-57.
1. A study has been made of the formation of synapses in spontaneously reinnervated and cross-reinnervated anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) and posterior latissimus dorsi (PLD) muscles of adult fowls.2. Denervated ALD and PLD muscle fibres have a uniform and high sensitivity to iontophoretically applied acetylcholine (ACh). During early reinnervation the sensitivity distribution to ACh of the ALD muscle fibres begins to return to normal before synaptic potentials can be evoked. The normal ACh sensitivity distribution of PLD muscle fibres is also restored after reinnervation. After cross-reinnervation of the ALD and PLD muscles the ACh sensitivity distribution of many of the muscle fibres is again restored to normal.3. Reinnervating and cross-reinnervating ALD nerve terminals showed a greater than normal degree of facilitation of transmitter release when a test impulse was applied at various intervals after a conditioning impulse. Cross-reinnervating PLD nerve terminals showed facilitation of transmitter release rather than the normal depression in a conditioning-test impulse sequence.4. The distribution of nerve terminals over the surface of spontaneously reinnervated and cross-reinnervated ALD and PLD muscle fibres has been determined from an examination of the sensitivity distribution to applied ACh, the graded versus all-or-none nature of the evoked potential and the distribution of cholinesterase stained synapses.5. The results suggest that the innervation pattern of individual ALD and PLD muscle fibres is restored both after spontaneous reinnervation and cross-reinnervation.