Host-dependent restriction of mengovirus replication.

Journal of virology

PubMedID: 4311796

Wall R, Taylor MW. Host-dependent restriction of mengovirus replication. J Virol. 1969;4(5):681-7.
Mengovirus infection of a restrictive cell line, Maden's bovine kidney (MDBK), results in a virus yield 1,000-fold less than that obtained from productively infected cell lines such as L cells or Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EAT). Cells of both types of host systems are infected with comparable efficiencies and are completely killed as a consequence of infection. Infective center assays, coupled with the observation of total cell killing, suggest that comparable numbers of cells synthesize viral antigen and release virus in both types of host system. Viral-specific ribonucleic acid (RNA) synthesis is initiated and proceeds in an identical fashion for approximately 4 hr after the infection of MDBK, EAT, or L-cells. At this time, viral RNA synthesis in MDBK ceases, whereas viral RNA synthesis in EAT and L-cells continues at a linear rate. These results indicate that none of the early viral events leading to the initiation of viral-specific RNA synthesis constitutes the primary site of mengovirus restriction in MDBK. Rather it appears that the cessation of viral RNA synthesis in restrictive cells constitutes the primary limiting event. Based on its delayed interaction with mengovirus RNA synthesis, it appears that the host-related restrictive agent is initially compartmentalized and then released as a consequence of infection subsequent to those early events in mengovirus infection leading to the initiation and continued synthesis of viral RNA.