Oligodendroglioma (WHO grade I) in a young epilepsy patient: A specific entity lying within the spectrum of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor?

Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology

PubMedID: 23432071

Takahashi H, Kakita A, Tomikawa M, Okamoto K, Kameyama S. Oligodendroglioma (WHO grade I) in a young epilepsy patient: A specific entity lying within the spectrum of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor?. Neuropathology. 2013;.
We studied a frontal lobe subcortical cystic tumor that had been resected from a 13-year-old girl with a 3-year history of intractable partial seizure. Currently, more than 13 years after surgery, the patient remains recurrence-free and has no neurological deficits. Histological examination showed that the tumor was non-infiltrating and paucicellular with a mucinous matrix, and consisted of fairly uniform small cells with round to oval nuclei. Within the mucinous matrix, the tumor cells were often arranged in pseudorosettes around small blood vessels. Mitotic activity and necrosis were absent, with a Ki-67 labeling index of <1%. Based on the immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings, the constituent tumor cells were considered to be those of oligodendroglioma, including mini-gemistocytes and gliofibrillary oligodendrocytes. No neuronal elements were identified. Features of cortical dysplasia (FCD Type 1) were evident in the cortex covering the lesion. The surrounding white matter also contained a significant number of ectopic neurons. The entire pathological picture appeared to differ somewhat from that of ordinary oligodendroglioma (WHO grade II). Considering the clinical and pathological features, the present unusual oligodendroglioma appeared to represent a previously undescribed form of oligodendroglioma (WHO grade I) lying within the spectrum of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT; WHO grade I). Simultaneously, the present oligodendroglioma also raises the question of whether or not oligodendrocyte-like cells of DNTs truly show neurocytic differentiation.