Repeat endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for acromegaly: remission and complications.

Pituitary

PubMedID: 23307479

Wilson TJ, McKean EL, Barkan AL, Chandler WF, Sullivan SE. Repeat endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for acromegaly: remission and complications. Pituitary. 2013;.
Reported biochemical remission rates following surgical intervention for acromegaly range from 38 to 83 %. In patients not achieving surgical remission, few options remain, mostly limited to medical management and radiation therapy. There is debate over whether or not to offer reoperation to patients in whom surgical remission is not achieved with initial resection. Retrospective chart review was undertaken to determine all patients having acromegaly with persistently elevated GH and/or IGF-1 levels after initial pituitary adenoma resection, and who underwent reoperation using endoscopic endonasal approach at a single institution. Biochemical remission was defined as a postoperative GH level <1 ng/mL and a normal postoperative IGF-1 level in the absence of any medical therapy. In total, 14 patients underwent repeat surgical intervention for acromegaly via endoscopic transsphenoidal approach. Of the 14 patients, 8 (57 %) achieved biochemical remission following repeat surgical intervention. Lower preoperative GH levels were associated with greater chance of biochemical remission (P = 0.048). New endocrinopathies were seen in 2 patients (14 %), and both were transient diabetes insipidus. Meningitis occurred in 2 patients (14 %); both were aseptic meningitis with no sequelae. No mortality was encountered. Repeat surgical intervention for acromegaly via endoscopic transsphenoidal approach appears safe and effective. With no mortality and minimal morbidity, repeat surgical intervention via endoscopic transsphenoidal approach appears a reasonable option for these hard-to-treat patients and should be considered for patients in whom surgical remission is not achieved with initial surgery.