Studies on human thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG). I. Purification of TBG and immunologic studies on the relationship between TBG from normal persons and those with TBG "deficiency".

The Journal of clinical investigation

PubMedID: 4975158

Marshall JS, Pensky J. Studies on human thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG). I. Purification of TBG and immunologic studies on the relationship between TBG from normal persons and those with TBG "deficiency". J Clin Invest. 1969;48(3):508-15.
A method for obtaining highly purified thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) from whole human serum is presented. The method employs relatively simple procedures of step-wise ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by column chromatography on DEAE cellulose and DEAE Sephadex. The final product produces a single protein band on disc electrophoresis. The sedimentation constant of the TBG thus purified is 3.91 and its calculated mol wt is 54,000. An antiserum to the highly purified TBG produced a single arc on immunoelectrophoresis. When the antiserum was reacted against normal human serum or against serum from subjects deficient in TBG, each produced two arcs-one identical with that produced by the antigen alone. The second arc is probably the result of a contaminating protein in the antigen, present in too low a concentration to be detectable by disc gel electrophoresis. It is concluded that some persons with TBG "deficiency" have a circulating protein, immunologically indistinguishable from TBG, which is defective in its ability to bind thyroxine.