The Evolution of Neurocritical Care.

Critical care clinics

PubMedID: 25257734

Korbakis G, Bleck T. The Evolution of Neurocritical Care. Crit Care Clin. 2014;30(4):657-671.
Although neurocritical care as a subspecialty is a relatively young field of medicine, its origins can be traced back to ancient times. This article focuses on the progression of neurocritical care from prehistoric trepanation procedures, through the development of mechanical ventilation, management of increased intracranial pressure, and traumatic brain injury, to the establishment of the first "real" intensive care units, and finally to modern monitoring in neurocritical care, management of post-cardiac arrest patients, and the diagnosis of brain death. This article also focuses on the future direction of neurocritical care.