Further observations on the specificity of antigen 5 of Echinococcus granulosus.

The Journal of parasitology

PubMedID: 68114

Yarzabal LA, Bout DT, Naquira FR, Capron AR. Further observations on the specificity of antigen 5 of Echinococcus granulosus. J Parasitol. 1977;63(3):495-9.
The presence of IgE antibodies to antigen 5 of Echinococcus granulosus was detected by means of radioimmunoelectrophoresis in the sera of two of six patients infected with E. multilocularis. Sera from three of these patients gave a precipitin band in gel diffusion tests identical to that produced by a monospecific rabbit anti-E. granulosus antigen 5 serum, when tested against whole hydatid fluid. Sera from 19 individuals infected with Fasciola hepatica, 20 with Schistosoma mansoni, and 5 with with Taenia saginata showed no detectable antibodies against antigen 5 of E. granulosus, The monospecific rabbit anti-E. granulosus antigen 5 serum did not react in immunodiffusion with homologous antigen when absorbed with either 4 mg/ml of whole hydatid fluid or with 200 mg/ml of a soluble E. multilocularis extract. Absorption of the monospecific antiserum with crude antigens of either F. hepatica, Onchocerca volvulus, S. mansoni, or T. saginata did not abolish the reaction with antigen 5. It appears, therefore, that antigen 5 can no longer be considered specific for E. granulosus, but is also present in E. multilocularis. In the light of this observation, some reevaluation of immunodiagnostic tests in hydatid disease will be necessary.